Is the branch of dentistry which treats heavily damaged teeth (using crowns or veneers) or missing teeth (using bridges).
The prosthesis can either be fixed or removable.
Fixed when the prosthesis is screwed or cemented.
Crowns: are used with heavily damaged teeth and are dental prosthesis which replace individual teeth whose roots are preserved.
The damaged tooth, once reduced in size, is completely covered by a capsule. The crown can be made of different material: ceramic metal, metal free integral ceramic (lithium disilicate), zirconium-ceramic.
Veneers: are used with fractured teeth or evident discolouring and are thin shells which are applied and cemented on the tooth. Compared to crowns, veneers do not completely cover the tooth as only a minimal part of the tooth is removed (the frontal section), however optimal aesthetic results are obtained just the same. .
Inlay: when the surface of the tooth to be replaced is considerable and a normal composite filling is impossible an inlay is carried out, which is a fragment of tooth, made in a dental laboratory (after having taken the patient’s precise dental impression) and is then cemented into the mouth by the dentist.
Bridges: are prosthesis used when one or more teeth are missing. The prosthesis , in these cases, is held in place and supported laterally by healthy “support teeth”. Bridges are also made of different material, from traditional material to the most innovative in integral ceramic (zirconium oxide) which are more and more biocompatible.
Removable: prosthesis if the prosthesis is made to be removed from the mouth. In this case it is possible to have a partial prosthesis (removable partial denture), which replaces some missing teeth and is held in place with hooks and brackets, or with edentulous patients (those without teeth), the prosthesis replaces the entire arch and is placed on the mucous membrane (denture).